by Jurriaan Plesman, BA (Psych), Post Grad Dip Clin Nutr.
Ashwaghanda, Baical Skullcap ,Camu-Camu, Chamomile,Damiana, Ginseng, Gotu Kola, Hops, Kanna, Kava, Lavender, Linden, Liquorice, Milk Thistle, Motherwort, Oats, Parsnip, Passion Flower, Pumpkin, Rhodiola, Schisandra, St John’s Wort, Siberian Ginseng, Skullcap, Sweet Tea Vine, Valerian, Vervain, Yohimbe
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the TGA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider or Herbalist. Please consult the TGA for more up-to-date information
It should be realized that herbals may not be effective if the underlying biochemical disorders have not been addressed. See:
Self Help Web Site for Personal Growth
Please note that all reference to “Plants for the Future” are now to be found at:
http://www.pfaf.org/user/default.aspx and use their search engine.
Another source of herbal remedies see Wikipedia.
For doses see Health food store or Health Care Practitioner or herbalist.
Ginseng (Panax ginseng, P.)
Also called Asian ginseng, Korean ginseng, Chinese ginseng, Oriental ginseng root (p.ginseng) American ginseng
Source: Cultivated in China, Korea, Japan. American ginseng is wild-harvested in Eastern North America.
Part used: Root
Forms available: For Asian ginseng teas, capsules, extracts tablets, tinctures, some products standardised to 5 – 15 per cent ginsenosides. For American Ginseng, capsules, tinctures
Uses: Fatigue, anxiety, nervous tension, stress, depression, lowers blood sugars and cholesterol, insomnia, mental dullness, convalescence, athletic performance, aphrodisiac, tonic
Caution: Do not take if you have high blood pressure, avoid caffeine, heart palpitations, chemotherapy, or high fever. May interact with caffeine, other stimulants and anticoagulant drugs. With high doses or long term use, some people, experience over-stimulation or stomach upsets.
Reference: (1), (2) Top
Siberian Ginseng(Eleuthero Senticosus) Also called: Eleuthero, eleutherococcus, Ussurian thorny pepprbush, Touch-me-not
Source: Grows in thickets in North-Eastern China, Eastern Russia
Parts used: Root, stem, leaves (for tea)
Forms available: Capsules, tinctures, tablets
Uses:Fatigue, convalescence, stress, mental weakness, natural sedative, impotence, tonic against infection, addiction, herpes.
Caution:Men with prostate disorders should not use this herb, as it contains compounds that stimulate testosterone production. Pregnant and nursing women may use it but should avoid products that also contain Panax Ginseng. Anyone taking digoxin (Lanoxicaps, Lanoxin) should seek the advice of a health-care professional before taking Siberian Ginseng. May increase effectiveness of antibiotics, may increase blood pressure (no solid proof for this), may cause insomnia.
Ashwaghanda (Withania Somnifera)
Also called Indian Ginseng, Winter Cherry, Withania
Source: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Africa
Parts used: root, shoots and seeds
Uses: Ashwagandha is considered to be milder and less stimulating than Ginseng. Tumors, inflammation (arthritis), Chronic Fatigue, Carpal tunnel syndrome, lupus, fevers, stress, lack of energy, headaches, concentration, memory, strengthen immune, aphrodisiac, improve fertility, normalizes cholesterol levels, mild sedation for insomnia, anxiety, pain relief, general tonic, substance abuse (alcohol and drugs) PCOS
Forms available: capsules
Caution: Do not use Ashwagandha if you are taking anxiety or anti-seizure medication. Ashwagandha may potentiate the sedative effect of barbiturates. You may feel as if you want to sleep more if you take Ashwagandha and pentobarbital (medicine used to help you sleep). Pregnant women should avoid this herb, and if you are breast-feeding, speak with your doctor before taking Ashwagandha. Do not take Ashwagandha if you have leukemia and are being treated with cyclophosphamide (a “chemo” medicine). Your medicine may be causing these symptoms which may mean you are allergic to it: Feeling cold (decrease in body temperature) or upset stomach.
Kanna, also known as, Channa, Kaugoed (Sceletium tortuosum)
Source: Semi-desert of South Africa still used by Hottentots, Khoikhol and San (bushmen)
Parts used: roots and leaves
Forms Available: Can be chewed, capsules, tablets
Uses: Psychoactive alkaloids: mesembrine (an SSRI), mesembrenone, mesembrenol, tortuosamine. Mood enhancer, stimulates pancreas, appetite suppressant, mental and endurance enhancer by shepherds for walking long distances, relaxation, anxiety, stress, tension, anxiolytic, antidepressant, sedation, reduce addiction and craving particularly in regard to nicotine (cigarettes), alcohol and addictive drugs. Increases empathy, promotes positive thinking, Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), releases energy, gastritis, promote weight gain.
Caution:May interact with psychotropic drugs and marijuana and cardiac drugs including MAO inhibitors, Consult health care professional. Can cause euphoria, but is not an hallucinogenic, headaches if combined with alcohol, not recommended during pregnancy
Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum)
Also called: Mary Thistle, Wild Artichoke, Silybum, Marian Thistle, St. Mary’s Thistle, Lady Thistle, Holy Thistle
Source: Mediterranean and throughout Europe, North America and Australia
Parts used: seeds, flowers, leaves, root, stem
Used for: liver tonic, increases flow of breast milk, for nursing mothers, detoxifies, liver problems, liver congestion, helps protein synthesis, liver re-growth, snake bites, varicose veins, promotes bile from gall bladder, restoration of liver from alcoholism, jaundice, cirrhosis, mushroom poisoning, hepatitis, Alzheimer’s Disease
Caution: Currently, there are no warnings of contraindications with the use of Milk Thistle; however, the herb may reduce the efficacy of birth control pills and medicine to treat infection (Metronidazole). It is essential that people with diabetes and liver disease should have regular blood tests. There have been rare reports of diarrhea and nausea.
St John’s Wort (Hypericum Perforatum)
Source: Native to Europe and naturalized in Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia, Commercila cultivated in Europe, Chile and te US
Part used: Flowering tops
Forms available: Teas, capsules, tablets, tinctures, Products standardized to 0.3 to 0.5 per cent hypericin. Another form Hyperforin is thought to combat depression
Used for: mild to moderate depression, external cuts, burns, abrasions, analgesic, sedative, bed wetting of children,
Caution: may intensify effects of narcotics, may cause skin reactions to sun exposure, worsens the side effects of sun sensitizing drugs, alcohol, and supplement of melatonin. Do not use with prescribed antidepressant drugs, or with L-Dopa for Parkinson’s Disease unless asked by doctor.
Oats (Avena sativa)
Also called: Groats, oat-straw, common oat
Source: Native to Mediterranean region, cultivated in cool temperate regions worldwide
Parts Used: tops
Forms available: Teas, tinctures, tablets, capsules, dried tops, bath products
Used for: Calm nerves, regulate digestive system, eating oats reduces cholesterol, added to baths for burns, eczema, allergic skin reactions to poison plants, arthritis rheumatism.
Caution: no known side effects.
Lavender (Lavandula officinalis)(Lavandula angustifolia)
Also called: English Lavender, Fleurs de la Lavane, Lavanda, Lavandin
Source: Mediterranean, Europe, United States, ,Bulgaria, France, Britain, Australia and Russia
Parts used: Flowers
Forms available: infusion or oil. Do not ingest oil! Rub on skin.
Used for: (Rob oil on skin) stress related headaches, eczema, insect repellent, insect stings, depression, sedative, anxiety, nervous tension and headaches, exhaustion, fatigue, rheumatism, antiseptic, scent has a calming effect,
Caution: Pregnant women should avoid taking Lavender internally, as it may stimulate uterine contractions. Excessive use of this product (many times the recommended dosage) may cause drowsiness. Rare side effects have included constipation, skin rash, headache or nausea.
Also called: German or Hungarian chamomile, May-weed, True chamomile, Wild chamomile, Chilbed flower
Parts Used: Flowers
Forms available: capsules, extracts, tea, infusions
Used for: ADHD, anxiety, Tranquilizer, Tension, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), stress, indigestion (due to stress), nervous stomach, insomnia, blood thinner, decreases nightmares, teething complaints, middle ear infections, menstrual cramps, menopause, back pain, analgesic, neuralgia, headache, candida albicans, yeast infections, calm down irritable children, motion sickness, colic, dyspepsia, gallbladder support, diarrhea, abdominal pain, colitis, kidney bladder problems, fever, sinus infection (as an inhalant), relieves gas, swelling, sore muscle, skin irritation. External use: Lighten fair hair, soothe sunburns, eczema, skin irritations, eye bath, hemorrhoids, swollen painful breasts, wounds, rashes, leg ulcers.
Caution: Possible allergic reactions (especially ragweed), but generally safe. Chamomile is a uterine stimulant, hence may cause problems during pregnancy (discuss with health care worker)
Also called: Hop Bine, Stroble
Source: Europe, Asia, North America, Australia, temperate regions in the world
Parts used: Flower strobiles
Forms available: capsules, Infusion, tinctures
Used for: anxiety, nervous tension, indigestion, insomnia, digestive system, skin infections, restlessness, ADHD, nervous diarrhea, fits, analgesic, neuralgia, toothache (teeth), stimulates gastric juices, promotes digestion, flatulence, colic, intestinal cramps, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), appetizer, menopause. anti-oxidants
Caution: should not be taken for depression, may bring on menstruation, pregnancy, nursing mothers discuss with health care worker, inappropriate herb for children.
(Piper methysysticum) Use only under doctor’s supervision.
Source: Underground stem is used
Available forms: as standardized extract (to 30-70% kavalactone content), 100 mg of an extract (standardized to 70% kava-lactones) three times per day. Daily recommended intake ranges fom 60 – 600 mg kavalactones/day, Tablets: 120-240 mg of kava-lactones per day in two or three divided doses or 1-3 ml fresh liquid kava tincture three times a day for no longer than three months
Other uses: Anxiety, stress, insomnia. muscular cramps, stiffness and tension. pain, memory, anticonvulsant, menopause
Caution: patients are advised not to continue dosing longer than three months. Not recommended in pregnancy or breast-feeding.
• Do not drive when using excessive dosages.
• Do not exceed recommended dose or length of treatment.
• While side effects are mild and rare (the most frequently reported are digestive discomfort, headache, dizziness or skin rash), excess amounts of Kava impair driving ability.
• Yellowing of the skin, hair, and nails, and drying and cracking of the skin is seen in some chronic users, as is disturbance of vision, speech and breathing. This dose exceeds recommended doses by 100 times. Kava addiction is still under question however studies show there is no evidence of addictive potential. There have also been reports in the literature suggesting a possible association between Kava and liver damage in patients who use high doses for prolonged periods.
• The German Commission E monograph for Kava indicates that it may potentiate (enhance the effects of) barbiturates and other nervous system acting drugs, resulting in increased risk of developing side effects if these medications are combined with Kava. Please seek the advice of your health care practitioner if you are considering taking Kava.
• In November 2001, German authorities announced that 24 cases of liver disease (including hepatitis, liver failure, and cirrhosis) associated with the use of kava had been reported in Germany; of these, one person died and three required a liver transplant. See –> (49
Also called: Sweet root, Lquirizie, Reglissa, Sweet wood, Black sugar, Gan-cao, The Great Harmonizer, Grandfather herb, liquorice, Sweet liquorice
Source: Southern and Central Europe, parts of Asia in rich moisture-retentive slightly alkaline, sandy soil.
Parts used: roots
Forms available: capsules, decoction, tincture, extract, syrup, cream.
Used for: boosting energy, coughs, expectorants, loosen phlegm, non-productive coughs, lung problems, colds, flue, ulcers, arthritis, rheumatism, painful joints, adrenal support, relaxation, anxiety, eczema, herpes simplex, laxative, liver tonic, stimulates secretion of cortisol and aldosterone (anti-inflammatories), secretion of gastric acid, coat the stomach lining with mucus, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, Celiac Disease, helps to inhibit enzymes that dismantle prostaglandins, which will help the stomach and upper intestine, allowing ulcers to heal more quickly, As an antiviral, Licorice combats viruses, including influenza-A, hepatitis-B, Epstein-Barr virus (chronic fatigue) and holds promise for the treatment of HIV, viral hepatitis, particularly chronic active hepatitis (under a doctor’s care), produce mild estrogenic effects and is said to normalize ovulation in women experiencing infrequent menstruation and also ease menopausal symptoms.
Caution: blood pressure, hypertension, diabetes, glaucoma, stroke, heart disease, pregnancy, nursing mother. should be used for short periods only, stop using if headaches, bloating, swollen ankles, or lethargy, not to be used by people with liver and kidney disorders, and thus, people with kidney disease, gallbladder disease and cirrhosis should avoid this herb. Do not take Licorice without speaking with your physician if you take potassium, laxatives, the heart medication, Digoxin (Lanoxicaps®, Lanoxin®, Lanoxin Pediatric®)
(Tilia cordata)(Tilia Europoea, Tilia platyphylla)
Also called: Lime flowers, Linden flowers, European Linden, Lime tree, Common LIme, Tilia cordata and Tilia platyphyllos, Lime blossom,
Source: Europe temperate climate in the North.
Parts used: Flowers, leaves, wood and charcoal
Forms available: Dried flower preparations, fluid extract, tinctures
Used for: Anxiety, soothe nerves, (added to bath), relieves anxiety-related indigestion, palpitations of the heart, vomiting, coughs, promotes sweating, intestinal disorders, swelling (edema).
Caution: The use of herbs is a time-honored approach to strengthening the body and treating disease. Herbs, however, contain components that can trigger side effects and interact with other herbs, supplements, or medications. For these reasons, herbs should be taken with care, preferably under the supervision of a health care provider knowledgeable in the field of botanical medicine.
Also called: Lion’s ear, Lion’s tail, Throw-wort
Source: Northern part of the US, all over Europe, waste places, vineyards, along fences and paths
Parts used: Flowering tops and leaves
Forms available:Infusion, Decoction, Cold extract, tincture
Used for: heart palpitations, female disorders, promotes menstrual flow PMS, PMT, autonomic nervous problems, nervous irritability, anxiety, sedative, calming agent, stomach gas, cramps, menopausal problems, shortness of breath, neuritis, neuralgia, analgesic, rheumatism, flatulence,
Caution: Contact with plants may cause dermatitis, pregnancy, or where periods are heavy. Excessive dosage may cause diarrhea, stomach irritation, uterine bleeding.
Also called: Maypops, passion vine, purplr passion flower, Apricot vine, Blue Passion Flower, Wild Passion flower, Passiflora, Corona de Cristo
Source: Southern US, Virginia westward towards Missouri and Texas
Parts used: Plant flower
Forms available: tincture
Used for: anxiety, nervous conditions, insomnia, restlessness, nervous, tension headache, headaches, tranquilizer, restlessness, exhausted, insomnia, sedative, menopausal problems, epilepsy, premenstrual tension , PMT, PMS, fatigue, irritability, Activation of GABA receptors by maltol and gamma-pyrone derivatives may mediate passionflower’s anxiolytic and sedative properties. It is said to gently shift moods, alter perception and aid concentration, and the alkaloids are thought to act in a similar way as MAO inhibitors, which may be of some help in cases of depression. In Italy, Passion Flower is used to treat hyperactive children. ADHD Irritable Bowel Syndrome, analgesic, pain of shingles, menstrual problems, lowers blood pressure. may reduce thyroid malignancy, increase sex drive
Caution: Pregnant and nursing women should not use Passion Flower. Since it may cause sleepiness, it should not be used before driving or operating machinery. Children should never be given this herb in any form, and older adults and children between two and twelve should take low dosages (preferably in consultation with a physician). Do not use Passion Flower if you take MAO inhibitors, and it should not be taken with other prescription sedatives or sedative herbs or alcohol, as it increases their sedative effects. Passionflower may have additive anticoagulant effect.
Also called: Blue Skullcap, blue pimpernel, helmet flower, hoodwort, mad-dog-weed, Side flowering skullcap, Madweed, Virginia Skullcap, Quaker Bonnet, Americam Scullcap
Source: North American and Canada
Parts used: the plant
Forms available:infusion, tincture
Used for: anxiety, anti-stress, sedative, antispasmodic, convulsion, insomnia, restlessness, rheumatism, neuralgia, delirium tremens, menstrual problems, PMT, PMS, rabies, withdrawal from barbiturates, fatigue, exhaustion, nightmares, nervous headaches, hysteria, ADHD, hyperactivity, produces endorphins, epilepsy, cramps, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), lupus, analgesic, pan reduction, anti-oxidants, strengthen heart muscle, heart disease, snakebites, insect bites
Caution: Pregnant and nursing women should not use Skull Cap. Large doses (many times the recommended amount) may cause giddiness, confusion, twitching and stupor, but the herb works well when taken consistently over a period of time (several weeks). Skull Cap should not be given to children. Those with liver problems should avoid Skull Cap. Taking Skull Cap and blood thinners together may further decrease blood clotting, possibly leading to easy bruising and bleeding. Because of Skull Cap’s sedative qualities, taking it with medicines used for sleep or anxiety may cause extreme drowsiness affecting your ability to operate heavy equipment or drive a car safely. Taken in excess may cause giddiness,confusion, twitching
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) Also called: Tobacco root, Capon’s tail, Setwall, Garden heliotrope, Valerian,m All-Heal, Vandal Root, Fragrant valerian,
Source: Europe and Northern Asia
Parts Used: rootstock
Forms available: capsules, infusion, cold extract, tincture
Used for: anticonvulsant, tranquilizer, anxiety, insomnia, stress, analgesic, pain reduction, anodyne, eczema, fatigue, cramps, withdrawal from drugs, hyperactivity, ADHD, restlessness, heart disease, exhaustion, throat tickling, coughs, headaches, colds, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Crohn’s Disease. External: acne, skin rashes, wounds, ulcers.
Caution: Valerian is not recommended for children, pregnant or nursing women, or those who suffer from low blood pressure or hypoglycemia. This product should not be combined with alcohol or with other sleep-inducing medications. Because it is a sedative, one should never drive or operate machinery when using Valerian. It is advisable to stop taking Valerian Root after two or three weeks and then restart; uninterrupted usage is not recommended. Avoid large doses (many times the recommended amount), and if headaches or heart palpitations occur, its use should be discontinued. The herb is not recommended for those taking prescription medications, particularly liver medications, unless a physician is first consulted. Valerian should be stopped about one week before surgery because it may interact with anesthesia. Not to be used by people with liver problems
Also called: Herb-of-he-cross, simpler’s joy, verbena
Source: Europe, From Denmark South, N.Africa
Parts used: Flowers and leaves
Forms available: Infusion, tincture, decoction
Used for: headaches, fevers, analgesic, pain relief, anxiety, nervous tension, sedative, stress, depression, indigestion, eczema, diarrhea, antispasmodic, epilepsy, insomnia, delirium tremens, withdrawal from barbiturates, neuralgia, rheumatism, menstrual problems, PMT, PMS, breast pain, rabies?, galactogogue (helps produce milk)
Caution: It can cause abortion in early stage of pregnancy.
Also called: sheep rot, Indian pennywort, water pennywort, marsh pennywort, Brahmi, Ch-hsing, memory herb,
Source: E.Asia, China,Japan, Australia
Parts used: leaves
Forms available: capsules, infusion, tincture, compress apply locally
Used for: used in leprosy known as Hansen’s Disease
, sedative, anxiety, nervous tension, promotes blood circulation in lower limbs, skin diseases, psoriasis, varicose veins, improves mental concentration, Alzheimer’s disease, eliminates excess fluids, promotes urination, swollen ankles, detoxifies body, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, liver disease, jaundice, heart disease, psoriasis, eczema,
Caution: Pregnant or nursing women should not take Gotu Kola. Since it may interfere with prescription diabetes medications, a doctor should be consulted before using. Those taking cholesterol-lowering medications should not use Gotu Kola. Do not mix with tranquilizers, since it may have narcotic effect. It is not appropriate for people with epilepsy or for people who are sensitive to light. Continued, repeated topical application is not recommended. The use of Gotu Kola for more than six weeks is not recommended. People taking the herb for an extended period of time (up to six weeks) should take a two-week break before taking the herb again.
Also called: Kadsura chinensis, Chinese magnolia vine, Chisandra
Source: E. Asia, Southern and Western China. Korea
Parts used: fruit, leaves
Used for: Mood swings, improves energy, mental concentration. anti-stress, anxiety, improves learning, insomnia, heart palpitations, fatigue, improves vision, dark adaptation, liver damage, detoxification, hepatitis, multiple chemical sensitivities, (MCS), substitute for ginseng, both male and female sex organs, sedative, dry cough, insomnia, poor memory, hyperactivity (ADHD), diabetes, asthma, hay fever, rheumatism, chemotherapy support, Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). External: irritating , allergic skin conditions,
Caution: Side effects involving schisandra are uncommon but may include abdominal upset, decreased appetite, and skin rash.
Some herbs are known to react with your medication. Please consult your physician before starting on any herb. See: Drug interactions
Also called: Scute, Chinese skullcap
Source: E.Asia, China, Japan, Korea, Mongolia
Parts used: leaves
Forms available: as a tea
Used for: diabetes, liver function, pain relief, antibacterial, anticholesterolemic, anti-arthritis,
fever, muscle relaxant, increases bile production, diuretic, laxative, Anxiety, sedative, TB, allergies, enteritis, dysentery, diarrhea, jaundice, chronic hepatitis, urinary tract infections, hypertension, threatened miscarriage, nosebleed and haemorrhage from the lungs or bowel
Source: Europe, including Britain, from Norway south and east to Spain, the Caucasus and Altai
Parts used: Leaves, root, seeds
Used for: Womens’ complaints, psoriasis, According to Gary Null ND
one of the most effective treatment for depression.
Caution: Skin contact with the sap can cause photosensitivity and/or dermatitis
in some people. Parsnip is said to contain the alleged ‘psychotroph’ myristicine.
Source: Amazonian jungle of Peru
Parts used: Fruits
Forms available: capsules 700 mg
Used for: as an antioxidant, ADHD, has anti-depressant properties, allowing people to come off AD medications under medical supervision, herpes virus, Epstein-Barr virus, vaginal yeast infections, genital herpes, cold sores, .
Caution: No known, do not take during pregnancy
Source: Central America, Mexico, Texas, Caribbean and Southern Africa
Parts used: leaves
Forms available: infusion, tincture, capsules
Used for: depression, anxiety, erectile dysfunction, aphrodisiac, digestion, calms the nerves, regulates hormonal activities, stimulates the genito-urinary tract, impotence, premature ejaculation, ,painful menstruation, menopausal problems, asthma, bronchitis, female health problems, laxative, poor appetite, atonic constipation. emphysema, prostatitis, herpes, widen blood vessels, dysentery
Caution: pregnancy, may loosen stools, don’t use in irritable bowel syndrome, bed wetting, may have unpredictable effects of blood sugar levels (here
Pumpkin (Cucurbia pepo, Cucurbita maxima)
Source: North and Central America, cultivated around the world
Parts used: seeds, yellow blossoms
Forms available: seeds, tablets
Used for: Depression, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BHP), kidney stones, intestinal infections, parasites elimination, flowers used for external minor injuries, urinary tract problems, gastritis, remove tapeworms, roundworms from intestines, schistosomiasis in Asia and Africa that is transmitted through snails, mildly diuretic, nephritis, rich in zinc, may help reduce blood pressure (source
Caution: not known, sprouting seeds produces a toxic substance in its embryo
Also called: quebrachin, aphrodin, corynine, yohimvetol, hydroergotocin
Source: Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo
Parts used: bark
Forms available: tablets, tincture,
Used for: Erectile dysfunction, depression, leprosy coughs, dilate pupils, heart disease. aphrodisiac, blocks alpha-2 adrenergic receptors, vasodilators, inhibits monoamine oxidase ( hence may treat depression)
Caution: Yohimbe should be used under doctor’s supervision only, pregnancy, peptic ulcers, can cause dizziness, nausea, insomnia, anxiety, blood pressure, heart palpitations, vertigo, hallucinations, to be avoided in PTSD, avoid foods with tyramine (cheese, red wine, liver), some people who do not respond to AD medications such as fluoxetine may benefit from Yohimbe.
Also called: Rose root
Source: Europe, Asia, N.America, Britain, Northern hemisphere of Europe
Parts used: Leaves, root stem
Forms available: tablets, (taken before meals)
Used for: depression, anti-stress by regulating body’s hormonal response, protective of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine, root enhances transport of serotonin’s precursors, chronic fatigue, immuno-stimulation, anti-tumour, increase serotonin in brain by 30%, adaptogen, sexual potency, infertility, tuberculosis, improves endurance in athletic performance, used in alcohol and drug addiction
Caution: not known, but low toxicity, no known drug interactions, but avoid in pregnancy and breast feeding,
Some of the Bush remedies available at:
Essences by Ian White Bush Remedies
– abusive relatinships
Obsessive thoughts, grieving
Crowea – continuing worrying,
Dagger Hakes – resentment, family conflict
Five Corners – low self-esteem
Macrocarpa – adrenal exhaustion, drained, worn out
See also: Herb Library at Herbs2000
Please discuss this article with your health care worker, doctor or nutritional doctor or therapist.